Nov 09

Tips for passing the Professional Scrum Master II (PSM 2)

Is the Professional Scrum Master II hard?

Everything is relative and all depends on your knowledge and Scrum experience. In my personal view, the Professional Scrum Master II exam is not difficult. Why?

  • The situations are well stated/well explained and not confusing
  • You have several clear proposed answers without much ambiguity (some are clear no, other clear yes, some need you to think a little bit)
  • You have sufficient time to answer all the questions (90 minutes for 30 questions which is way much more than the PSM I)
  • As long as you know the rules to abide to when going through the questions (see tips), you should be fine

As a word of caution though, you may or even will experience difficulties to pass if:

  • You do not have much experience as a Scrum Master (less than 2 years)
  • You have not been applying Scrum properly at work and have not been considering Scrum theory and principles lately
  • You have not joined a proper Scrum training from an accredited trainer, be it in the past or just for this exam
  • You have no experience of fundamental knowledge of scaling Agile (you can review this scaling Agile article to help you)

So yes, there is a potential to fail on the PSM II exam and actually, you can even fail big time. Which begets the question: do you actually need it?

Is the Professional Scrum Master II worth it?

psm 2 professional scrum master switzerland romaric chardonneau

One of the reason you may want to acquire the PSM II could be hiring prospects. That sounds like a valid view. However, I personally do not think that recruiters make much difference between a PSM I and a PSM II. I do interview Agile coach/Scrum Masters on a regular basis and it actually does not make a difference to me (PSM III is a different ball game though).

So if it the PSM II is not going to make yourself more marketable then what?

Actually, you probably would want to consider PSM II if:

  • You are on the path of continuous self-improvement and/or you are an avid learner of Agile/Scrum
    The PSM II is indeed a nice milestone on your learning journey
  • You would like to become a trainer as one of the criteria is to hold the PSMI, PSMII and PSMIII with scores of 95%, 85% and 90% minimum respectively.

So with those two great reasons in mind, let’s go on to see the tips to pass the exam…

Tips for passing the PSM II

In order to pass the PSM II, those would be my recommendations:

  • (re)Read the Scrum Guide. It is obvious but so much is in the Scrum guide. Actually, some people says that everything is there which is not entirely true… 🙂 Read it top to bottom and try to understand all the nuances and logic behind it.
  • Read the Nexus Guide. There are quite a few questions related to scaling in the PSM II. If you do not know how to scale and if you do not know the version of it – that is Nexus – you are putting yourself at risk. Do not make this mistake and ensure you understand scaling and particularly Nexus.
  • Take and re-take the various Scrum assessments from The most relevant one would be Scrum Open, Product Owner Open and Nexus Open. Take them all in row till you are able to score 100% in each of them and that you understand the logic behind each of the answers. This will help you review the basics and you might even get one or two very similar questions in the PSM II
  • Think hard about the role of a Scrum Master. The Scrum Master is a servant leader to the Scrum team. He/she is also a coach and provide services to the development team, the product owner AND the organisation. Remember: the Scrum Master is NOT a manager. Hence, from the Scrum guide we have: “No one (not even the Scrum Master) tells the Development Team how to turn Product Backlog into Increments of potentially releasable functionality.” If you understand the role of the Scrum Master in and out, you will get hold of the PSM II!
  • Get some experience as acting Scrum Master. It would be much better – although not mandatory – for aspiring holders to have at least 1 or 2 years of experience as acting Scrum Master. You would have then had the time to practice Scrum and compare reality vs theory. Remember though during the exam that you should give the ideal answers and not the one(s) you would possibly take within your environment and experience.
  • Understand scaling models. A proper understanding of scaling is an advantage. In this regard, it might be useful to pass the Scaled Professional Scrum (SPS) exam before the PSM II. I actually passed the SPS before the PSM II. My preparation for the SPS was simply to read the Nexus guide and take the Nexus Open assessment. The rest was eased due to the fact that I had relevant scaling work and training experience with SAFe. Important: SAFe and Nexus are very different beasts so please make sure you get scaling principles right before taking the PSM II.

Et voila!

That is not a huge list of tips but this is all what you should need. It is that simple!


PSM II - 100% achievement psm 2 professional scrum master switzerland romaric chardonneau

To tell you my story: before passing the PSM II, I was actually extremely nervous and thought that it was a very very tough exam. Thinking that I would need some preparation and thanks to a generous former employer, I did join a PSM II training for preparation (lol). I would love to tell you that this training prepared me to pass the exam but minus one clarification point on Scrum which pertained to a difference between the Scrum guide 2017 and earlier versions, it was of no use.

That is not to say that PSM II trainings are useless, it all depends on your experience and knowledge as Scrum Master when you take on the training. The optimum time as advised by is to have a 1 to 2 years of experience as Scrum Master to reach the full benefits of a PSM II course. Before, it is too early and after, you probably know too much (providing you actively seek continuous self improvement as Scrum Master/Agile coach). Once you have the required knowledge and relevant experience, as long as you abide with the list of tips above, you should be just fine by taking the PSM II.

We hope that above will be of help to you and we wish you all the best to you in passing the PSM II!


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About The Author

I am an experienced IT manager, coach and trainer who is passionate about Agile at team (Scrum, Kanban, XP…) and at scaled level (SAFe, Nexus, Scrum@Scale…). Having 15+ years experience in project, program and portfolio management, product management, software development and IT supply chain.

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